New Legal Definition of Domestic Abuse

(3) `family or household members` means spouses, former spouses, persons who have a common child, whether married or have lived together at some point, adults who are related by blood or marriage, adults who are currently living together or have lived together in the past, persons sixteen years of age or older who are currently living together or have lived together in the past; and who have had a romantic relationship, persons sixteen years of age or older with whom a person sixteen years of age or older has or has had a romantic relationship, and persons who have a biological or legal parentage relationship, including stepparents and stepchildren and grandparents and grandchildren. (2) « romantic relationship » means a social relationship of a loving nature. Factors that the court may consider in making this decision include: (a) the length of the relationship; (b) the nature of the relationship; and (c) the frequency of interactions between the parties. State provisions on domestic violence differ. About 38 states have put definitions and penalties for domestic violence in the penal code, and almost all states provide a definition in codes for domestic relations or social services. Within this gap, there are general definitions that may include stalking, harassment and, in some cases, non-physical violence, including bullying and emotional abuse. (2) « Domestic violence » means abuse committed by 1 member against another member of the following protected classes: 1. Family violence occurs when a person does any of the following against their spouse or former spouse, another person to whom they are related by blood or marriage, any other person with whom they live or actually live, any other person with whom they have had or have a romantic relationship, any other person with whom the person has a common child, the minor child of one of these persons, the minor child of the person or any other person appointed as guardian or legal guardian of the minor child of the person: There are various other issues in the area of domestic violence and abuse, including protection orders, safe court procedures, and custody and visitation or parental time. According to the American Bar Association, the presence of domestic violence is a factor considered when determining custody and visits in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Studies on the incidence of family violence vary considerably. Research by Murray A. Straus of the University of New Hampshire and Richard J. Gelles of the University of Rhode Island, both veterans of extensive domestic violence research, found that about four million people experience some form of domestic assault each year, ranging from minor threats and throwing objects to severe beatings.

This number represents women and men who report being attacked by partners. In a 1995 study by Dr. Jeanne McCauley of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine survey, one in three women who responded to a confidential questionnaire reported being physically or sexually assaulted, and half of these incidents occurred before the age of 18. The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence reported in 1993 that 50 per cent of all married women experience some form of violence by their spouse and that more than one third are repeatedly beaten each year. Public outrage over domestic violence also led to the inclusion of the Violence Against Women Act as Title IV of the Combating Violent Crime and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1796 [consolidated as amended in sections 18 and 42 U.S.C.A.]). The law approved research and education programs for judges and judicial staff to improve knowledge and awareness of domestic violence and sexual assault. It had also provided funding for police training and housing, increased penalties for domestic violence and rape, and strengthened protection of victims` privacy, despite the 2000 United States Supreme Court decision. One.

« Domestic violence » means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts inflicted by an adult or emancipated minor on a person protected by this Act: (1) homicide N.J.S.2C:11-1 ff. (2) Attack N.J.S.2C:12-1 (3) Terrorist threats N.J.S.2C:12-3 (4) Kidnapping N.J.S.2C:13-1 (5) Criminal restraint N.J.S.2C:13-2 (6) False detention N.J.S.2C:13-3 (7) Sexual assault N.J.S.2C:14-2 (8) Criminal sexual contact N.J.S.2C:14-3 (9) Hushness N.J.S.2C:14-4 (10) Criminal mischief N.J.S.2C:17-3 (11) Burglary N.J.S.2C:18-2 (12) Criminal trespassing N.J.S.2C:18-3 (13) Harassment N.J.S.2C:33-4 (14) Harassment P.L.1992, c.209 (C.2C:12-10) If one or more of these acts are inflicted by an unemancipated minor on a person protected by this Act, The event does not constitute « domestic violence » but may form the basis for filing a petition or complaint in accordance with the provisions of section 11 of the Presidential Act of 1982, c.77 (C.2A: 4A-30). The Safe House emergency shelter 24 hours a day. Helpline: (973) 759-2154 Web: iii) « Family Violence » means the occurrence of one (1) or more of the following acts by a member of the household, but does not include acts of self-defence: If you have been a victim of domestic violence and want to talk to someone, you can call the 24-hour helpline. : 1-800-572-SAFE (7233) or see below to contact your local family violence program. « Family violence » means any act that involves violence, violence or threats, results in bodily harm or gives a reasonable fear of death, sexual assault or bodily harm, and that is committed by a person against a member of his or her family or household. Such an act includes, but is not limited to, any forced detention, harassment, criminal sexual assault in violation of section 7 (§ 18.2-61 et seq.) of chapter 4 of title 18.2 or any offence that results in bodily harm or gives reasonable fear of death, sexual assault or bodily harm.